Stress Incontinence – Definition, Causes, Symptoms And Risk Factors
What is stress Incontinence?
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI), also referred to as effort incontinence, is the unintended loss of urine. It occurs when there is inadequate muscle strength of the pelvic floor and is often triggered by actual physical movements or actions (such as sneezing, coughing, or exercising) that applies pressure (stress) on the bladder.
Stress incontinence is the most commonly encountered type of urinary incontinence and is not linked to emotional/physiological stress.
It is more common in females than in Males. A person with stress incontinence can feel isolated, embarrassed, and restrict his work and social interactions, particularly exercise and leisure pursuits. With early treatment pressure incontinence may be managed.
Other Types of Incontinence
The next most frequent form of incontinence is urge incontinence and occurs when an individual gets an urgent need to pass urine from an ‘over active bladder‘. Urine may trickle even before he has time to rush to the restroom.
Treatment method for this condition is different to stress incontinence. Some individuals may also have both urge incontinence and stress incontinence. This is referred to as ‘mixed’ incontinence.
A symptom is anything a patient feels and describes, whilst a sign is a thing other people, such as a doctor notices. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom but dilated pupils point to a sign.
When an individual is having stress incontinence he may experience urine leakages. This can happen when :
What is stress incontinence might not be experienced each and every time. Even so, any pressure inducing activity may make the person more susceptible to random urine loss, especially when the bladder is full.
The bladder might not even feel abnormally full when there’s urine leakage because of stress incontinence. It is vital to get medical attention if the symptoms and signs of what is stress incontinence mix with daily living activities such as hobbies, work, and social life.
Causes of Stress Incontinence
a ) Childbirth: The majority of cases of stress incontinence occur as a result of vulnerable pelvic floor muscles. The typical reason for the pelvic floor muscles to turn out to be fragile is child-birth.
The pelvic floor muscles are a band of muscles that cover the bottom of the bladder and rectum. There may be nerve or tissue injury sustained during the delivery of a baby. Stress incontinence resulting from injury during childbirth may start just after delivery or in the future.
b) Age. Stress incontinence is also common with advanced age as the muscles become much weaker, especially after menopause.
c) Prostate surgery. In males, the common factor that leads to stress incontinence is the surgical elimination or removal of the prostate gland as a way to deal with prostate cancer. Since the prostate gland circles the urethra, a `prostatectomy ` occurs in less urethral support.
Other contributing factors that may accentuate stress incontinence include :
Diabetes, this may cause excessive urine production and nerve injury.
Ailments that result in chronic sneezing or coughing.
Prescription drugs that induce an immediate increase in urine production.
Too much consumption of alcohol or caffeine.
Smoking-this can lead to frequent coughing.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Sports, such as running or tennis ( for high level athletes ).
Risk factors for stress incontinence
A risk factor is anything that heightens the likelihood of creating a condition or disease. For instance, obesity considerably elevates the risk of producing diabetes type 2. As a result, obesity becomes a risk point for diabetes type 2.
Risk factors that raise the risk of having stress incontinence include things like:
Age. Pressure incontinence is not a usual part of growing old. Having said that, actual physical changes connected with aging, like the decline of muscles are related to stress incontinence.
Women in menopause also lose the valuable effects of estrogen (building up and preserving the tissues of the urethra and vagina) making the advancement of incontinence much more likely.
Obesity. Individuals who are overweight possess a higher risk of stress incontinence. Extra weight puts more stress on the abdominal organs. As a result, the force on the bladder might be increased even with no further pressure from a sneeze or other force.
Past pelvic surgery. Hysterectomy in females, and especially prostate surgery in men, can modify the functionality and support of the urinary bladder or urethra, making it far more likely for an individual to have stress incontinence. This incontinence can be either instant or delayed.
Birth delivery. Delivery of a baby through an operation can be linked with an increased risk of incontinence rather than through natural delivery. Multiple deliveries also can be connected with a higher risk. So if you’re asking yourself what is stress incontinence, we hope we have provided some answers for you.