A Complete Discussion Regarding Overflow Incontinence
There are different kinds of urinary incontinence. All of which can become stressful, embarrassing and uncomfortable to the suffering individual. Overflow incontinence predominantly occurs in men than in women. This condition provides a frequent lack of capability to control urination wherein affected individuals may find themselves passing urine while awake or during sleep.
Overflow incontinence can also be a cause of persistent urinary tract infections. This is because the bladder is susceptible to constant growth of bacteria due to left over urine.
What is Overflow Incontinence?
This type of urinary incontinence provides regular bouts of urine dribbling even after numerous urinary trips to the bathroom. Individuals that have been experiencing this condition may feel that their bladder is constantly spilling over or overflowing with urine at an abnormal rate and level. Nonetheless, not all of the affected population may sense when their bladder is full. Thus, the passing of urine may occur before they may even realize it. This is among the reasons why it was given the term Overflow Incontinence.
You should consult your doctor upon experiencing regular or constant urinary incontinence. In general, the condition may be a sign of an underlying disorder.
What are the Causes of Overflow Incontinence?
– The leading cause of this form of incontinence is the existence of an enlarged prostate. Due to the enlargement of the prostate, the flow of urine from the bladder becomes obstructed.
– Another cause may be the inability of the bladder muscles to completely constrict or compress during urination. This can be due to lack of strength or the weakness being experienced by the bladder muscles.
– Partial Obstruction in the urethra – In order to reach the outside of the body, the urethra serves as the passageway of urine from the bladder. When it becomes infected with urinary stones, swelling, scarred tissues, infection, tumors or kinks, the urethra can no longer carry out urine normally.
– Overflow incontinence may also be due to various kinds of drug medications such as antidepressants, anti-psychotics, anticholinergics, narcotics and anticonvulsants. There are several drug treatments that can impair the nerve signals that trigger the bladder.
– This type of urinary incontinence may also be a result of prostate gland problems and other diseases that include Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Spina bifida, Spinal cord injury, and Diabetes. These disorders can distress the nerve that sends signals to the bladder.
– Last but not the least, Alcoholism may also play a major role in acquiring Overflow incontinence due to alcohol’s ability to harm the nerves of the body.
How is Overflow Incontinence Diagnosed?
Speaking to your doctor about the incontinence may quickly provide relief to the condition. It is understandable that it could offer embarrassment but then, so are continuous bouts of urinary leaks. To get a diagnosis, your doctor may ask questions about the frequency of your urination, medications, previous injury and other pertinent questions regarding urinary incontinence. After which, a physical examination may be performed to look for indications of nerve damage and other bladder disorders. You may be referred to a urologist or a neurologist for further examination if necessary.
These are the diagnostic tests that may be carried out accordingly:
-Bladder stress test
Are there available treatments?
– Treatments for Overflow incontinence may be given in the form of surgery or medications. If the prostate is enlarged, surgery may be done to remove the blockage that provides pressure and distention to the urethra and the bladder.
– The drug treatments include bladder muscle relaxants in the form of alpha-adrenergic blockers that are also prescribed to patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).
– On the other hand, self-catheterization or the utilization of single-use catheters is an alternative option to relieve overflow incontinence. You will be educated by a qualified medical professional on how you can properly apply or insert these pocket-sized catheters into the urethra. You can bring them with you for use especially, when medication fails. Keep in mind that long-term or in-dwelling catheters are not recommended because they can cause urinary tract infections.
In conclusion, overflow incontinence may become difficult to handle. However, it is highly recommended to see your doctor when you experience bladder or urinary incontinence to avoid further discomfort and to check for possible diseases that can be causing the condition. This occurrence can be effectively managed when provided the proper treatment without delay.