What are urinary disorders? – An Explanation
The urinary tract comprises the kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra. The kidneys filter blood, producing urine, which travels via the ureters and is stored in the bladder.
When the right time comes, your bladder muscles contract and urine is released from the body through the urethra. Urinary disorders are basically any diseases, conditions, or disorders that affect the urinary tract or its function.
Urinary disorders include incontinence (the inability to control the flow of urine), stones, urinary tract cancers, kidney stones, interstitial cystitis, kidney failure, as well as urinary tract infections.
Causes of urinary disorders
Urinary disorders are caused by a wide range of factors. STIs such as gonorrhea or Chlamydia commonly cause urethritis. Infections of the urethra, kidneys, or bladder can also be caused by other infectious agents. Trauma or irritation can also lead to inflammation of your urethra.
Urinary incontinence can be caused by weak muscles around the urethra or in the pelvis or disorders of the central nervous system. Urinary retention may be caused by abnormalities in the nervous system, kinking of urethra, or enlargement of prostrate.
Kidney disease may be caused by other conditions, including diabetes or high blood pressure. Other urinary disorders like kidney stones, interstitial cystitis, and urinary tract cancers have no known causes.
Common causes of urinary disorders are:
Benign tumors or cancers
Benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate
Urinary tract infections
Interstitial cystitis-chronic inflammation of bladder
Sexually transmitted diseases
Injury or trauma
Urinary tract or kidney stones
Symptoms of urinary disorders
Some individuals who get urinary disorders don’t experience any symptoms. Others may detect some changes in the smell, color or cloudiness in their urine. Some disorders may cause discomfort or pain, which can come and go or be persistent.
Some disorders cause changes in the urgency or frequency of urination, while others affect one’s ability to keep hold of urine as well as to start and control urine flow. Urinary disorders resulting from infections can be accompanied by chills and fevers. Urinary tract cancers sometimes have the first symptom as weight loss.
Common symptoms of urinary disorders
Urinary disorder symptoms may vary from one person to the other depending on the cause.
Common symptoms of urinary disorders include:
Chills and fever
Back, pelvic or abdominal pain that may be severe
Pink-colored or bloody urine (hematuria)
Leaking of urine
General ill feeling
Unexplained weight loss
Burning or pain during urination (dysuria)
Urgent need for urination
Pain during sex
Urinary disorders may be life-threatening in some cases. It is important to seek medical intervention for the following life-threatening symptoms:
Lower back, abdominal, or pelvic pain that may be severe
Higher fever-more than 101 degrees Fahrenheit
Lack of urine production
Vomiting and severe nausea
Treatment of urinary disorders
You can start to treat your urinary disorders by always seeking regular medical care. Regular medical care enables the doctor to give early screening tests and evaluate your symptoms and risks of promptly developing urinary disorders.
Specific treatments will depend on the kind of urinary disorder.
Common treatments for urinary disorders:
Treating urinary disorders involves isolating and treating the symptoms or cause. Examples of potential treatments are pain relief medications, self-care measures, bladder relaxation medications, devices, antibiotics, radiation therapy, surgery, and chemotherapy.
Common treatments for urinary disorders include the following:
Antibiotics for treating infections
Avoiding irritants or trauma
Radiation therapy or chemotherapy to eliminate cancer cells
Devices to provide support to the bladder
Inserting medications straight into the bladder so as to treat cancer or alleviate pain
Pain relief medications
Medications that relax the bladder
Lithotripsy to get rid of stones
Biofeedback and physical therapy for relief of pelvic floor spasms
Surgery to repair injuries, remove cancer, strengthen weakened structures, or treat disorders that do not respond to other treatments.
Urinary disorders may have severe, even life-threatening complications. You should seek medical care immediately for serious symptoms, including lower back, abdominal, or pelvic pain that may be serious, high fever-over 101 degrees Fahrenheit, severe nausea or vomiting, and lack of urine.
You should also seek medical care promptly if you have urinary disorder symptoms or are under treatment for a urinary condition whose symptoms are persistent or recur.