What are the Most Important Aspects of Bladder Control Problems?
Bladder control issues are also termed as urinary incontinence. Recent statistics and facts state that about 13 million people in the United States are affected by bladder control problems.
Around 15% – 30% of elderly people, who stay in home and 40% of the elderly people, who stay in nursing home, suffer this condition. Undoubtedly, the statistics reveal a critical prevailing condition.
There are multiple numbers of reasons which can trigger this health condition. Keeping in mind the severity of the problem, this write-up majorly concentrates on the causes and solutions of this health issue.
Before moving toward an in-depth analysis of the various causes of this complication, it is important to understand how human bladder actually works. In brief, bladder is a hollow, balloon shaped organ whose main function is to store and empty the urine.
The main activity sounds quite simple. But the problem occurs when an overactive bladder contracts abnormally and creates an uncontrolled urge for urination, even when the bladder is not full of urine.
A person suffering from bladder control issues experiences frequent urgency, leaking of urine or nocturia, which is waking up and going to the toilet more than once in night. Various factors, which are responsible for bladder control Problems, could be –
(a) Hormonal Changes or Enlargement of the Prostate
During menopause, when the body of woman goes through serious changes, some alterations in the level of hormones can trigger bladder control problems. In gents, enlargement of the prostate can block the urethra and cause this problem.
(b) Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infection triggered by bacterium can evoke the sense of urgency. Besides, infection is capable of reducing the storage capacity of the bladder, because it affects the interior of the bladder and reduces its ability to stretch and contract.
(c) Nerve Damage
It is another cause of this complication. Bladder control is regulated by the interaction between the central nervous system and the organs of the lower urinary tract. Any disease which affects the central nervous system like neurogenic, spinal cord injuries, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis can affect the performance of the bladder and trigger bladder control issues.
(d) Pregnancy and Childbirth in Women
Pregnancy can create excess strain on the pelvic floor muscles. Weakening or stretching of the same during childbirth can also trigger the problem of urinary incontinence.
Though, the causes of bladder control issues are several; the problem is certainly solvable through various effective ways such as changes in lifestyle, exercise and bladder training –
(a) Precautionary Measures
To begin with, the methods of lifestyle changes can be discussed. A person has to restrict the consumption of caffeine as it tends to stimulate the bladder and make the situation worse. Alcohol should also be avoided during this time.
Pelvic floor exercise can help to relax the muscles and reduce the urge for urination. The main purpose of the pelvic floor exercise is to strengthen the muscles that wrap underneath the bladder, uterus and rectum.
(c) Bladder Training
The aim of this self-education process is to increase the bladder control by gradually stretching the organ so that it can hold larger volume of urine. This program can help to increase the time between visits to the toilet.
During the training program, a chart or diary is maintained to record the fluid intake and urinary output. It is also important to note down the time of urine leaking. Except the first two or three days of bladder training, which typically involve going to toilet as usual and recording the time thereafter, a person has to hold as long as possible before going to the toilet.
Slowly, the bladder becomes habitual of holding much larger amount of urine than before. The main idea is to train the bladder to stretch more easily. Bladder training may seem difficult in the beginning; but, it becomes easy with practice and determination. It might take months to see some effective results.
The diary should always be maintained, even after experiencing some improvements in the condition. It will help to understand the extent of positive changes.
Before beginning the bladder training program, it is important to diagnose the reason of this health condition to verify if bladder infection is causing this problem. A doctor or nurse can better supervise the condition and help to get maximum results from the bladder training program.