Bladder leakage causes and treatment options
Bladder leakage is also referred to as urinary incontinence, and is due to both temporary and persistent causes. Men and women of all ages may suffer from this condition, and can be embarrassing for most people.
However as urinary incontinence can also be a symptom of some other problem, it is important that you consult your doctor and discuss your case to determine its cause. This way, you will be appropriately treated for the problem. There are various causes for bladder leakage; some temporary and some, permanent.
The most common cause for bladder leakage is weak pelvic muscles which can occur after pregnancy and childbirth. It is however possible to re-strengthen the muscles with Kegel exercises to regain bladder control.
Sometimes nerve damage that arises from some disease or trauma like pelvic or back injury or radiation therapy can lead to differences in the way the brain and bladder signal each other.
Conditions that can lead to bladder leakage are Parkinson’s, stroke, diabetes mellitus and Alzheimer’s.Some medications and alcohol can interfere with the functioning of muscles involved with bladder control.
Water pills and caffeine have a tendency of making the body produce urine quicker than normal that makes the bladder full faster.
Even a urinary tract infection and constipation can lead to temporary bladder leakage.
The aging process affects the muscles controlling the bladder, leading to bladder leakage problems. Men may suffer from bladder leakage because of an enlargement of the prostate gland while bladder cancer or stones not only causes bladder leakage, but can sometimes lead to blood in the urine.
Women sometimes experience bladder leakage after a hysterectomy because of some muscle or nerve damage that may occur after the surgery as the bladder and uterus are located near each other.
Even a reduction in the estrogen production in women after menopause can lead to bladder leakage as estrogen is responsible for maintaining a healthy bladder and urethra lining health. Once estrogen levels drop, it affects the proper working of these muscles.
There are various treatment options available for curing urine incontinence problems, which are administered based on the cause of the problem.The first option is to maintain a bladder diary to help detect any existing urinary habits.
Behavioral treatments like timed voiding performed throughout the day helps you gain control over your bladder. Once you regain control, the time span between bathrooms visits reduce. Kegel exercises also help by strengthening the muscles that retain urine.
There are medications available to treat bladder leakage. These medicines are anticholinergics that help by relaxing bladder muscles, and thus help prevent any bladder spamming.
However you have to consult your doctor before taking these medications if you suffer from glaucoma.Sometimes swelling and high blood pressure medicine can lead to bladder leakage problems. You could consult your doctor about changing to some other medicine to stop your urine leakage problem.
With the help of a biofeedback, you learn more about your body’s functioning. You can thus gain control over your bladder muscles and control its leakage. Biofeedback is generally used along with exercises that strengthen the pelvic muscles and electrical stimulation that prevents bladder spasms and relieves stress.
Injections can help at reducing urine incontinence. These injections inject some bulking agent like carbon spheres near the tissues of the urethra and bladder neck. This injection procedure generally takes half an hour to perform under some sedation. It is however needed to take not one, but repeat injections to help the body get rid of the bulking agents.
There are three surgical options available to treat urine incontinence. Surgery is resorted in extreme cases where you find it very difficult controlling your urine.
One surgery option is called retropubic suspension where some stitches are used to join the bladder neck and pelvic ligaments. This is done to provide support to the bladder opening, and in the process, prevent bladder leakage.
The sling procedure is the most common surgical option. During this surgery, a sling is created around the bladder and the urethra using strips of your own tissue or some synthetic material. This thus helps with the closing of the urethra’s opening, and in the process, helps prevent bladder leakage.