Prolapse Bladder Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
The bladder is one of the most important body organs. This is a hollow like organ that stores urine until the urethra releases it out of the body system. A prolapse bladder, also known as fallen bladder or cystocele is common in women because it involves the bladder and the vagina.
The bladder supports the wall of the vagina. During childbirth, the vagina’s wall weakens or can be damaged thus, affecting the function of the bladder. Aging can also loosen this wall causing the bladder to prolapse.
Prolapse bladder symptoms
There are several causes of a prolapse bladder but women who suffer from this condition should be aware of the symptoms to get immediate treatment. It is important to consult your doctor regularly because symptoms for mild cases are sometimes unnoticeable. The initial sign of prolapse symptoms is a feeling of fullness or pressure inside the vagina. This is the first stage of prolapsed bladder.
This tissue may protrude inside the vagina and may bleed. Discomfort and pain in the pelvic area and difficulty in urinating may be symptoms of prolapse bladder. In an advanced stage of this condition, bladder infections can be frequent which may affect other body organs. Low back pains can also be experienced and patients can undergo stress incontinence, a condition where you lose urinary control when coughing and sneezing. In the more severe stages, urination can no longer be controlled.
Prolapse Bladder Stages
Prolapsed bladder has 4 stages or grades
Grade 1 – is a mild stage where a small part of the bladder sags into the vagina.
Grade 2 – When the bladder sags down into vagina’s opening, the prolapse is considered moderate.
Grade 3 – It is severe once the bladder extends beyond the vagina’s opening.
Grade 4 – This stage is called complete when the entire bladder obtrudes the vagina’s external part.
Prolapse Bladder Causes
During pregnancy and childbirth, the muscles that support the vagina are stretched, causing the organ to weaken and deteriorate. Prolapsed bladder is common in women who have multiple child births. Strain can cause this condition especially for those who lift heavy objects. Strain caused by constant and prolonged bowel movement abnormalities such as constipation may destroy the ligaments and pelvis muscle.
Long term coughing or sneezing may also be associated in pelvic flood damage which can cause prolapse bladder. Menopausal stage is another factor that affects the bladder. Women with menopause can have this condition because they stop producing estrogen, a female hormone that strengthens the vagina’s muscle.
Tests and Examinations
As an adage states “Prevention is better than cure”. It is important to implement an annual exam to check for problems in the bladder. But if symptoms are apparent, it would be best to take tests and exams to determine the gravity of this condition. There are several tests that you may undergo to check the seriousness of this condition.
Voiding cystourethrogram is a series of x-ray films used by doctors to determine the condition of the bladder and cause of urinary difficulty. Cystoscope is also performed to check on treatment options. Proper identification of the gravity of this condition through a series of tests and exams will help doctors find the right treatment procedure.
That is why we are always advised to have regular check ups so that we are updated about our health condition. The doctor always advises us to be more preventative. Sometimes if we are not updated with our condition we put ourselves at risk.
Treatment and Care
A prolapse bladder in the mild stage requires simple treatment. It can be a self-care option as long as measures are taken regularly. Since this condition involves the bladder and also the vagina, there is a need to strengthen the pelvic muscles through exercises and proper diet.
A process called pessary may be integrated in the treatment where a rubber ring is inserted inside the vagina to hold the bladder. Doctors also recommend taking estrogen to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. Estrogen can be taken orally or by using vaginal cream for women in menopause.
There may also be the chance that the prolapse bladder leads to surgery so it is always best to consult your doctor if you experience one or more of the symptoms.